added openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only scenario
authorAndreas Steffen <andreas.steffen@strongswan.org>
Tue, 7 Sep 2010 15:14:32 +0000 (17:14 +0200)
committerAndreas Steffen <andreas.steffen@strongswan.org>
Tue, 7 Sep 2010 15:14:32 +0000 (17:14 +0200)
17 files changed:
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/description.txt [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/evaltest.dat [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.conf [new file with mode: 0755]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/certs/carolCert.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/private/carolKey.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.secrets [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/strongswan.conf [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.conf [new file with mode: 0755]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/certs/moonCert.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/private/moonKey.pem [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.secrets [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/strongswan.conf [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/posttest.dat [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/pretest.dat [new file with mode: 0644]
testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/test.conf [new file with mode: 0644]

diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/description.txt b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/description.txt
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..e25da69
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
+The roadwarrior <b>carol</b> sets up a connection to gateway <b>moon</b>.
+The strong mutual authentication of both peers is based on <b>EAP-TLS</b> only
+(without a separate IKEv2 authentication), using TLS client and server certificates,
+respectively. Elliptic curve cryptography is used by both the IKE and TLS
+protocols.
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/evaltest.dat b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/evaltest.dat
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..dad834c
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+carol::cat /var/log/daemon.log::server requested EAP_TLS authentication::YES
+carol::cat /var/log/daemon.log::negotiated TLS version TLS 1.2 with suite TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256::YES
+carol::cat /var/log/daemon.log::allow mutual EAP-only authentication::YES
+carol::cat /var/log/daemon.log::authentication of 'C=CH, O=Linux strongSwan, OU=ECDSA 521 bit, CN=moon.strongswan.org' with EAP successful::YES
+moon::cat /var/log/daemon.log::authentication of 'C=CH, O=Linux strongSwan, OU=ECDSA 256 bit, CN=carol@strongswan.org' with EAP successful::YES
+moon::ipsec statusall::rw-eap.*ESTABLISHED::YES
+carol::ipsec statusall::home.*ESTABLISHED::YES
+carol::ping -c 1 PH_IP_ALICE::64 bytes from PH_IP_ALICE: icmp_seq=1::YES
+moon::tcpdump::IP carol.strongswan.org > moon.strongswan.org: ESP::YES
+moon::tcpdump::IP moon.strongswan.org > carol.strongswan.org: ESP::YES
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.conf b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.conf
new file mode 100755 (executable)
index 0000000..02ece47
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+# /etc/ipsec.conf - strongSwan IPsec configuration file
+
+config setup
+       plutostart=no
+       charondebug="tls 2"
+
+conn %default
+       ikelifetime=60m
+       keylife=20m
+       rekeymargin=3m
+       keyingtries=1
+       keyexchange=ikev2
+       ike=aes128-sha256-ecp256!
+       esp=aes128-sha256!
+
+conn home
+       left=PH_IP_CAROL
+       leftcert=carolCert.pem
+       leftauth=eap
+       leftfirewall=yes
+       right=PH_IP_MOON
+       rightid="C=CH, O=Linux strongSwan, OU=ECDSA 521 bit, CN=moon.strongswan.org"
+       rightsubnet=10.1.0.0/16
+       rightsendcert=never
+       auto=add
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..3480a43
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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=
+-----END CERTIFICATE-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/certs/carolCert.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/certs/carolCert.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..2970992
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
+-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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+-----END CERTIFICATE-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/private/carolKey.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.d/private/carolKey.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..5f21c10
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
+Proc-Type: 4,ENCRYPTED
+DEK-Info: AES-128-CBC,F36088B0517117B50C1A436E5C84526E
+
+Zulq4O8x8i4P2I8+Ewe2pPJT8K2kzX9JjGhquFKaZdEG1YmXqIdMz41DA1b9cQjt
+KJstY10Gzc/C6Hv9v/ljfplcnumYBFdFsqvQ/Z0xh/G9u/J1gXjghhrQCUXbFble
+RVSwozA9IcCC9yQdhYyazF+85DR+p8AyQ5w2unOvuOk=
+-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.secrets b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/ipsec.secrets
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..4e53ef9
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# /etc/ipsec.secrets - strongSwan IPsec secrets file
+
+: ECDSA carolKey.pem "nH5ZQEWtku0RJEZ6"
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/strongswan.conf b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/carol/etc/strongswan.conf
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..ed9b8c7
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
+# /etc/strongswan.conf - strongSwan configuration file
+
+charon {
+  load = curl pem pkcs1 random openssl revocation hmac xcbc stroke kernel-netlink socket-default eap-tls updown
+  multiple_authentication=no
+}
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.conf b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.conf
new file mode 100755 (executable)
index 0000000..2679d4f
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+# /etc/ipsec.conf - strongSwan IPsec configuration file
+
+config setup
+       strictcrlpolicy=no
+       plutostart=no
+       charondebug="tls 2"
+
+conn %default
+       ikelifetime=60m
+       keylife=20m
+       rekeymargin=3m
+       keyingtries=1
+       keyexchange=ikev2
+       ike=aes128-sha256-ecp256!
+       esp=aes128-sha256!
+
+conn rw-eap
+       left=PH_IP_MOON
+       leftsubnet=10.1.0.0/16
+       leftcert=moonCert.pem
+       leftauth=eap-tls
+       leftfirewall=yes
+       rightauth=eap-tls
+       rightsendcert=never
+       right=%any
+       auto=add
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/cacerts/strongswanCert.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..3480a43
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@
+-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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=
+-----END CERTIFICATE-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/certs/moonCert.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/certs/moonCert.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..5178c7f
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@
+-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----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+-----END CERTIFICATE-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/private/moonKey.pem b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.d/private/moonKey.pem
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..beab048
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+-----BEGIN EC PRIVATE KEY-----
+MIHcAgEBBEIBrBxHEGICJRNkhm0HWfARp+dIzm6Lw7eCbQXNM6jSGL4DVNDVCV42
+yOKQqifWEcNWxO+wWtBaz91IF5hz/m4TbOGgBwYFK4EEACOhgYkDgYYABAC5p5fz
+1Mvb+0LHPdeJHc2Pk0OlWNtfdqEaGvUpKcV67ORp1kiaM98op6Tx3XIR9FJJyrfw
+tiJNpO4swx/2WruYDQA9T6ga2FrXD/rC5x9RvQU4m62p4gFEqUmg4Ylq307XkTVq
+pM2SN+2umHynAWaM0HL2DFtXKNeRMGU6baspFxHqbg==
+-----END EC PRIVATE KEY-----
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.secrets b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/ipsec.secrets
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..1ef3ecc
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+# /etc/ipsec.secrets - strongSwan IPsec secrets file
+
+: ECDSA moonKey.pem
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/strongswan.conf b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/hosts/moon/etc/strongswan.conf
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..46d8e29
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@
+# /etc/strongswan.conf - strongSwan configuration file
+
+charon {
+  load = curl pem pkcs1 random openssl revocation hmac xcbc stroke kernel-netlink socket-default eap-tls updown
+  multiple_authentication=no
+}
+
+libtls {
+  key_exchange = ecdhe-ecdsa
+  cipher = aes128
+  mac = sha256
+}
+
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/posttest.dat b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/posttest.dat
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..94a4006
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
+moon::ipsec stop
+carol::ipsec stop
+moon::/etc/init.d/iptables stop 2> /dev/null
+carol::/etc/init.d/iptables stop 2> /dev/null
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/pretest.dat b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/pretest.dat
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..ed5498b
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
+moon::/etc/init.d/iptables start 2> /dev/null
+carol::/etc/init.d/iptables start 2> /dev/null
+moon::ipsec start
+carol::ipsec start
+carol::sleep 1
+carol::ipsec up home
+carol::sleep 1
diff --git a/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/test.conf b/testing/tests/openssl-ikev2/rw-eap-tls-only/test.conf
new file mode 100644 (file)
index 0000000..9cd583b
--- /dev/null
@@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+#
+# This configuration file provides information on the
+# UML instances used for this test
+
+# All UML instances that are required for this test
+#
+UMLHOSTS="alice moon carol winnetou"
+
+# Corresponding block diagram
+#
+DIAGRAM="a-m-c-w.png"
+
+# UML instances on which tcpdump is to be started
+#
+TCPDUMPHOSTS="moon"
+
+# UML instances on which IPsec is started
+# Used for IPsec logging purposes
+#
+IPSECHOSTS="moon carol"