Fixed memleak in plugin unloading
[strongswan.git] / src / libstrongswan / plugins / plugin_loader.c
1 /*
2 * Copyright (C) 2010 Tobias Brunner
3 * Copyright (C) 2007 Martin Willi
4 * Hochschule fuer Technik Rapperswil
5 *
6 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
7 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
8 * Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your
9 * option) any later version. See <http://www.fsf.org/copyleft/gpl.txt>.
10 *
11 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
12 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY
13 * or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License
14 * for more details.
15 */
16
17 #define _GNU_SOURCE
18 #include "plugin_loader.h"
19
20 #include <string.h>
21 #include <dlfcn.h>
22 #include <limits.h>
23 #include <stdio.h>
24
25 #include <debug.h>
26 #include <library.h>
27 #include <integrity_checker.h>
28 #include <utils/linked_list.h>
29 #include <plugins/plugin.h>
30
31 typedef struct private_plugin_loader_t private_plugin_loader_t;
32 typedef struct plugin_entry_t plugin_entry_t;
33
34 /**
35 * private data of plugin_loader
36 */
37 struct private_plugin_loader_t {
38
39 /**
40 * public functions
41 */
42 plugin_loader_t public;
43
44 /**
45 * List of plugins, as plugin_entry_t
46 */
47 linked_list_t *plugins;
48 };
49
50 /**
51 * Entry for a plugin
52 */
53 struct plugin_entry_t {
54
55 /**
56 * Plugin instance
57 */
58 plugin_t *plugin;
59
60 /**
61 * dlopen handle, if in separate lib
62 */
63 void *handle;
64
65 /**
66 * List of loaded features
67 */
68 linked_list_t *loaded;
69 };
70
71 /**
72 * Destroy a plugin entry
73 */
74 static void plugin_entry_destroy(plugin_entry_t *entry)
75 {
76 DESTROY_IF(entry->plugin);
77 if (entry->handle)
78 {
79 dlclose(entry->handle);
80 }
81 entry->loaded->destroy(entry->loaded);
82 free(entry);
83 }
84
85 /**
86 * create a plugin
87 * returns: NOT_FOUND, if the constructor was not found
88 * FAILED, if the plugin could not be constructed
89 */
90 static status_t create_plugin(private_plugin_loader_t *this, void *handle,
91 char *name, bool integrity, plugin_entry_t **entry)
92 {
93 char create[128];
94 plugin_t *plugin;
95 plugin_constructor_t constructor;
96
97 if (snprintf(create, sizeof(create), "%s_plugin_create",
98 name) >= sizeof(create))
99 {
100 return FAILED;
101 }
102 translate(create, "-", "_");
103 constructor = dlsym(handle, create);
104 if (constructor == NULL)
105 {
106 return NOT_FOUND;
107 }
108 if (integrity && lib->integrity)
109 {
110 if (!lib->integrity->check_segment(lib->integrity, name, constructor))
111 {
112 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s': failed segment integrity test", name);
113 return FAILED;
114 }
115 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s': passed file and segment integrity tests",
116 name);
117 }
118 plugin = constructor();
119 if (plugin == NULL)
120 {
121 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s': failed to load - %s returned NULL", name,
122 create);
123 return FAILED;
124 }
125 INIT(*entry,
126 .plugin = plugin,
127 .loaded = linked_list_create(),
128 );
129 DBG2(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s': loaded successfully", name);
130 return SUCCESS;
131 }
132
133 /**
134 * load a single plugin
135 */
136 static bool load_plugin(private_plugin_loader_t *this, char *name, char *file)
137 {
138 plugin_entry_t *entry;
139 void *handle;
140
141 switch (create_plugin(this, RTLD_DEFAULT, name, FALSE, &entry))
142 {
143 case SUCCESS:
144 this->plugins->insert_last(this->plugins, entry);
145 return TRUE;
146 case NOT_FOUND:
147 /* try to load the plugin from a file */
148 break;
149 default:
150 return FALSE;
151 }
152 if (lib->integrity)
153 {
154 if (!lib->integrity->check_file(lib->integrity, name, file))
155 {
156 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s': failed file integrity test of '%s'",
157 name, file);
158 return FALSE;
159 }
160 }
161 handle = dlopen(file, RTLD_LAZY);
162 if (handle == NULL)
163 {
164 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "plugin '%s' failed to load: %s", name, dlerror());
165 return FALSE;
166 }
167 if (create_plugin(this, handle, name, TRUE, &entry) != SUCCESS)
168 {
169 dlclose(handle);
170 return FALSE;
171 }
172 entry->handle = handle;
173 this->plugins->insert_last(this->plugins, entry);
174 return TRUE;
175 }
176
177 /**
178 * Convert enumerated entries to plugin_t
179 */
180 static bool plugin_filter(void *null, plugin_entry_t **entry, plugin_t **plugin,
181 void *in, linked_list_t **list)
182 {
183 *plugin = (*entry)->plugin;
184 if (list)
185 {
186 *list = (*entry)->loaded;
187 }
188 return TRUE;
189 }
190
191 METHOD(plugin_loader_t, create_plugin_enumerator, enumerator_t*,
192 private_plugin_loader_t *this)
193 {
194 return enumerator_create_filter(
195 this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins),
196 (void*)plugin_filter, NULL, NULL);
197 }
198
199 /**
200 * Check if a plugin is already loaded
201 */
202 static bool plugin_loaded(private_plugin_loader_t *this, char *name)
203 {
204 enumerator_t *enumerator;
205 bool found = FALSE;
206 plugin_t *plugin;
207
208 enumerator = create_plugin_enumerator(this);
209 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &plugin, NULL))
210 {
211 if (streq(plugin->get_name(plugin), name))
212 {
213 found = TRUE;
214 break;
215 }
216 }
217 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
218 return found;
219 }
220
221 /**
222 * Check if a feature of a plugin is already loaded
223 */
224 static bool feature_loaded(private_plugin_loader_t *this, plugin_entry_t *entry,
225 plugin_feature_t *feature)
226 {
227 return entry->loaded->find_first(entry->loaded, NULL,
228 (void**)&feature) == SUCCESS;
229 }
230
231 /**
232 * Check if dependencies are satisfied
233 */
234 static bool dependencies_satisfied(private_plugin_loader_t *this,
235 plugin_entry_t *entry, bool soft, bool report,
236 plugin_feature_t *features, int count)
237 {
238 int i;
239
240 /* first entry is provided feature, followed by dependencies */
241 for (i = 1; i < count; i++)
242 {
243 enumerator_t *entries, *loaded;
244 plugin_feature_t *feature;
245 plugin_entry_t *current;
246 bool found = FALSE;
247
248 if (features[i].kind != FEATURE_DEPENDS &&
249 features[i].kind != FEATURE_SDEPEND)
250 { /* end of dependencies */
251 break;
252 }
253 entries = this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins);
254 while (entries->enumerate(entries, &current))
255 {
256 loaded = current->loaded->create_enumerator(current->loaded);
257 while (loaded->enumerate(loaded, &feature))
258 {
259 if (plugin_feature_matches(&features[i], feature))
260 {
261 found = TRUE;
262 break;
263 }
264 }
265 loaded->destroy(loaded);
266 }
267 entries->destroy(entries);
268
269 if (!found && (features[i].kind != FEATURE_SDEPEND || soft))
270 {
271 if (report)
272 {
273 char *provide, *depend, *name;
274
275 name = entry->plugin->get_name(entry->plugin);
276 provide = plugin_feature_get_string(&features[0]);
277 depend = plugin_feature_get_string(&features[i]);
278 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "feature %s in '%s' plugin has unsatisfied "
279 "dependency: %s", provide, name, depend);
280 free(provide);
281 free(depend);
282 }
283 return FALSE;
284 }
285 }
286 return TRUE;
287 }
288
289 /**
290 * Check if a given feature is still required as dependency
291 */
292 static bool dependency_required(private_plugin_loader_t *this,
293 plugin_feature_t *dep)
294 {
295 enumerator_t *enumerator;
296 plugin_feature_t *features;
297 plugin_entry_t *entry;
298 int count, i;
299
300 enumerator = this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins);
301 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &entry))
302 {
303 if (!entry->plugin->get_features)
304 { /* features not supported */
305 continue;
306 }
307 count = entry->plugin->get_features(entry->plugin, &features);
308 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
309 {
310 if (feature_loaded(this, entry, &features[i]))
311 {
312 while (++i < count && (features[i].kind == FEATURE_DEPENDS ||
313 features[i].kind == FEATURE_SDEPEND))
314 {
315 if (plugin_feature_matches(&features[i], dep))
316 {
317 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
318 return TRUE;
319 }
320 }
321 }
322 }
323 }
324 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
325 return FALSE;
326 }
327
328 /**
329 * Load plugin features in correct order
330 */
331 static int load_features(private_plugin_loader_t *this, bool soft, bool report)
332 {
333 enumerator_t *enumerator;
334 plugin_feature_t *feature, *reg = NULL;
335 plugin_entry_t *entry;
336 int count, i, loaded = 0;
337
338 enumerator = this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins);
339 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &entry))
340 {
341 if (!entry->plugin->get_features)
342 { /* feature interface not supported */
343 continue;
344 }
345 count = entry->plugin->get_features(entry->plugin, &feature);
346 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
347 {
348 switch (feature->kind)
349 {
350 case FEATURE_PROVIDE:
351 if (!feature_loaded(this, entry, feature) &&
352 dependencies_satisfied(this, entry, soft, report,
353 feature, count - i) &&
354 plugin_feature_load(entry->plugin, feature, reg))
355 {
356 entry->loaded->insert_last(entry->loaded, feature);
357 loaded++;
358 }
359 break;
360 case FEATURE_REGISTER:
361 case FEATURE_CALLBACK:
362 reg = feature;
363 break;
364 default:
365 break;
366 }
367 feature++;
368 }
369 }
370 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
371 return loaded;
372 }
373
374 /**
375 * Try to unload plugin features on which is not depended anymore
376 */
377 static int unload_features(private_plugin_loader_t *this, plugin_entry_t *entry)
378 {
379 plugin_feature_t *feature, *reg = NULL;
380 int count, i, unloaded = 0;
381
382 count = entry->plugin->get_features(entry->plugin, &feature);
383 for (i = 0; i < count; i++)
384 {
385 switch (feature->kind)
386 {
387 case FEATURE_PROVIDE:
388 if (feature_loaded(this, entry, feature) &&
389 !dependency_required(this, feature) &&
390 plugin_feature_unload(entry->plugin, feature, reg))
391 {
392 entry->loaded->remove(entry->loaded, feature, NULL);
393 unloaded++;
394 }
395 break;
396 case FEATURE_REGISTER:
397 case FEATURE_CALLBACK:
398 reg = feature;
399 break;
400 default:
401 break;
402 }
403 feature++;
404 }
405 return unloaded;
406 }
407
408 /**
409 * Remove plugins that we were not able to load any features from.
410 */
411 static void purge_plugins(private_plugin_loader_t *this)
412 {
413 enumerator_t *enumerator;
414 plugin_entry_t *entry;
415
416 enumerator = this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins);
417 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &entry))
418 {
419 if (!entry->plugin->get_features)
420 { /* feature interface not supported */
421 continue;
422 }
423 if (!entry->loaded->get_count(entry->loaded))
424 {
425 this->plugins->remove_at(this->plugins, enumerator);
426 plugin_entry_destroy(entry);
427 }
428 }
429 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
430 }
431
432 METHOD(plugin_loader_t, load_plugins, bool,
433 private_plugin_loader_t *this, char *path, char *list)
434 {
435 enumerator_t *enumerator;
436 char *token;
437 bool critical_failed = FALSE;
438
439 if (path == NULL)
440 {
441 path = PLUGINDIR;
442 }
443
444 enumerator = enumerator_create_token(list, " ", " ");
445 while (!critical_failed && enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &token))
446 {
447 bool critical = FALSE;
448 char file[PATH_MAX];
449 int len;
450
451 token = strdup(token);
452 len = strlen(token);
453 if (token[len-1] == '!')
454 {
455 critical = TRUE;
456 token[len-1] = '\0';
457 }
458 if (plugin_loaded(this, token))
459 {
460 free(token);
461 continue;
462 }
463 if (snprintf(file, sizeof(file), "%s/libstrongswan-%s.so",
464 path, token) >= sizeof(file))
465 {
466 return NULL;
467 }
468 if (!load_plugin(this, token, file) && critical)
469 {
470 critical_failed = TRUE;
471 DBG1(DBG_LIB, "loading critical plugin '%s' failed", token);
472 }
473 free(token);
474 /* TODO: we currently load features after each plugin is loaded. This
475 * will not be necessary once we have features support in all plugins.
476 */
477 while (load_features(this, TRUE, FALSE))
478 {
479 /* try load new features until we don't get new ones */
480 }
481 while (load_features(this, FALSE, FALSE))
482 {
483 /* second round, ignoring soft dependencies */
484 }
485 }
486 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
487 if (!critical_failed)
488 {
489 /* report missing dependencies */
490 load_features(this, FALSE, TRUE);
491 /* unload plugins that we were not able to load any features for */
492 purge_plugins(this);
493 }
494 return !critical_failed;
495 }
496
497 METHOD(plugin_loader_t, unload, void,
498 private_plugin_loader_t *this)
499 {
500 enumerator_t *enumerator;
501 plugin_entry_t *entry;
502 linked_list_t *list;
503
504 /* unload plugins in reverse order, for those not supporting features */
505 list = linked_list_create();
506 while (this->plugins->remove_last(this->plugins, (void**)&entry) == SUCCESS)
507 {
508 list->insert_last(list, entry);
509 }
510 while (list->remove_last(list, (void**)&entry) == SUCCESS)
511 {
512 this->plugins->insert_first(this->plugins, entry);
513 }
514 list->destroy(list);
515 while (this->plugins->get_count(this->plugins))
516 {
517 enumerator = this->plugins->create_enumerator(this->plugins);
518 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &entry))
519 {
520 if (entry->plugin->get_features)
521 { /* supports features */
522 while (unload_features(this, entry));
523 }
524 if (entry->loaded->get_count(entry->loaded) == 0)
525 {
526 if (lib->leak_detective)
527 { /* keep handle to report leaks properly */
528 entry->handle = NULL;
529 }
530 this->plugins->remove_at(this->plugins, enumerator);
531 plugin_entry_destroy(entry);
532 }
533 }
534 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
535 }
536 }
537
538 /**
539 * Reload a plugin by name, NULL for all
540 */
541 static u_int reload_by_name(private_plugin_loader_t *this, char *name)
542 {
543 u_int reloaded = 0;
544 enumerator_t *enumerator;
545 plugin_t *plugin;
546
547 enumerator = create_plugin_enumerator(this);
548 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &plugin, NULL))
549 {
550 if (name == NULL || streq(name, plugin->get_name(plugin)))
551 {
552 if (plugin->reload && plugin->reload(plugin))
553 {
554 DBG2(DBG_LIB, "reloaded configuration of '%s' plugin",
555 plugin->get_name(plugin));
556 reloaded++;
557 }
558 }
559 }
560 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
561 return reloaded;
562 }
563
564 METHOD(plugin_loader_t, reload, u_int,
565 private_plugin_loader_t *this, char *list)
566 {
567 u_int reloaded = 0;
568 enumerator_t *enumerator;
569 char *name;
570
571 if (list == NULL)
572 {
573 return reload_by_name(this, NULL);
574 }
575 enumerator = enumerator_create_token(list, " ", "");
576 while (enumerator->enumerate(enumerator, &name))
577 {
578 reloaded += reload_by_name(this, name);
579 }
580 enumerator->destroy(enumerator);
581 return reloaded;
582 }
583
584 METHOD(plugin_loader_t, destroy, void,
585 private_plugin_loader_t *this)
586 {
587 unload(this);
588 this->plugins->destroy(this->plugins);
589 free(this);
590 }
591
592 /*
593 * see header file
594 */
595 plugin_loader_t *plugin_loader_create()
596 {
597 private_plugin_loader_t *this;
598
599 INIT(this,
600 .public = {
601 .load = _load_plugins,
602 .reload = _reload,
603 .unload = _unload,
604 .create_plugin_enumerator = _create_plugin_enumerator,
605 .destroy = _destroy,
606 },
607 .plugins = linked_list_create(),
608 );
609
610 return &this->public;
611 }
612